VMWARE Sound fix for Windows 95 / 98 / ME

I know Windows 95 is over 21 years old but I had some legacy software I wanted to try out. When using VMWARE Fusion or workstation there are well documented issues with the sound not working. All the guides I read just reported the same issue I got, they tried to download the drivers but got a blue screen. After much troubleshooting I realised the issue is down to a IRQ conflict.

blue screen

The first thing to do is to shut the virtual machine down. Open up the folder where the virtual machine is stored. Right click the Virtual Machine and click "Show package contents"

Show package

Within this folder will be a file called .vmx - right click this file and edit it with a text editor. I used BBEdit in this example.

edit file

From here a file will appear. You need to look for the pci lines highlighted below and delete them:

PCI present

Now replace with the following lines, included below for easy copy and paste and demonstrated in the screen shot below:

pciBridge0.present = "false"
pciBridge1.present = "false"
pciBridge2.present = "false"
pciBridge3.present = "false"
pciBridge4.present = "false"
pciBridge5.present = "false"
pciBridge6.present = "false"
pciBridge7.present = "false"

correct lines

Save the file and start the virtual machine. A found new hardware box will appear, cancel it for now.
sound showing

Next install the sound drives using the tools from the creative website, you need the Sound Blaster PCI 128. The hardware will install and not blue screen, part way through you may be asked to reboot, press no and reboot when the setup has finished.

Drivers installing

Once the virtual machine reboots you should hear the welcome sound! The same principle should also work with Windows 98 and Millennium Edition just make sure you download the right drivers.

Opening Lotus Word Pro files

My wife had a load of old stories she wrote in Lotus word pro in the late 90's. She had them on a floppy disk and never thought she would see them again. After getting them off the floppy I used a Windows 2000 virtual machine and got a free tool called Lotus KeyView. I could not get it to run in Windows 10.

Image of Lotus Key View

Lotus KeyView was official Lotus software and allows you to open Lotus Word Pro files and copy and pate them into other programmes in my case Word as well as print them. You can download it here:

ftp://ftp.lotus.com/pub/lotusweb/product/smartsuite/Kvlotus.exe

Nespresso Machine Service Manuals

When buying most things I always like to hold a repair / service manual. I thought some of these manuals may be useful for others so have included them here as it took a lot of googling to find them. Most my family have nespresso machines which is why there are different models below. Hope they are useful.

Krups Cube Nespresso Service Manual

Nespresso U (C and D models) Service Manual

Nespresso Pixie Service Manual

Delonghi Lattissima Plus Service Manual

Quick Tip - Tomato - Creating a Guest Wifi Network

Creating a guest wifi in Tomato is easy. Just follow these screen shots: To begin:

  1. Login to the Tomato Control Panel
  2. Click Network under basic settings and add a new lan connection as the screen shot shows:
    tomato lan
  1. Go to VLAN under advanced and create a new one linking it to the new LAN. You will have to restart the router after this operation.

Tomato vlan

  1. Add a new virtual wifi interface

tomato wifi

Job done!

Norton ConnectSafe

Not many people realise but Norton ConnectSafe is a free service (even if you don't use Norton Security) which works at the DNS level and acts as a first line of defence against cyber threats. It is not a replacement for end point protection but compliments it well. Full details here: https://dns.norton.com/

Norton ConnectSafe

Expanding Varnish to Serve Mutiple Languages

Varnish is often used with PHP or NodeJS. On my server I run both applications simultaneously. Its possible to run NodeJS and PHP applications through Nginx, send them to the same varnish instance by setting different backends. This is done by working with the Varnish configuration language (VCL) and is surprisingly simple. Its also not really talked about much so here is an example. My setup also serves SSL content taking into account not to cache the management interface which includes authentication tokens and the like. I also realise I should call it TLS not SSL. To keep it simple here is a diagram:

Diagram of Nginx, Varnish, PHP and NodeJS on different ports

To make the changes open the following file:

nano /etc/varnish/default.vcl

Below the default backend definition add the following:

backend ghost {
  .host = "127.0.0.1";
  .port = "2368";
}

The above creates a second backend that is getting its content from our Ghost NodeJS app running on port 2363. Our PHP application is served by Nginx which would still be on the default backend.

Finally in the sub_vcl_recv section we need to tell Varnish which backend to use. Many advanced methods can be used but here is a simple example that sends the domain howson.me to the ghost cache and any other sites to the PHP cache:

if (req.http.host ~ "howson.me") {
    set req.backend_hint = ghost;
} else {
    set req.backend_hint = default;
}

There we have it. An easy way to use one varnish instance with multiple languages.

VMware Windows 2000 Virtualisation

I have been virtualising an application that only runs on Windows 2000. I hit a number of problems including missing files when try to install VMware Tools. I tried the VMware KB article but found the links were dead due to Microsoft ending support over 4 years ago. Thankfully I managed to get hold of Windows 2000 SP4 and the KB835732. I have provided individual downloads below. I have also created a premade ISO which can be loaded into the VM. This is handy if you like myself you don't allow any network or file access to keep the unsupported platform segregated.

Download Links:

Download Windows 2000 Professional Service Pack 4 Standalone Installer

Download KB835732 Update Standalone Installer

Prebuilt ISO image containing the files above


Method:

I first realised I had a issue when I tried to install and got the following error:

Screen shot showing it was unable to upgrade the installer

I managed to dig out a copy of SP4 so first installed it as below. See links at the top for a copy.

Install of SP4 setup Wizard After trying that I then discovered KB835732, which relates to security vulnerability MS04-011.
Missing install of KB835732 shot I simply installed this update (again link included at the top) and then rebooted.
Shot showing KB installed Finally I could install VMware Tools.
Shot showing VMware install starting

Once I had completed the installation the drivers kicked in and the OS was in true colour.
Shot showing Vmware finished and in true colour

Moving a Nessus 6.x Installation

Nessus Logo Today I had to move a Debian based Nessus installation on a physical Machine to a virtual one. After a bit of head scratching I came up with a method. I could not find much on the internet so here is a guide:

1.Connect to the server you want to copy from. I used Filezilla with secure copy
2. Install Nessus on the new machine but don't start the service
3. Ensure the Nessus instance is stopped
3. Copy the entire /opt/nessus directory and overwrite it
4. Start Nessus
5. If you get a error about global.db being corrupted follow the on screen instructions to fix it
6. Release your activation number if applicable in the Nessus Support Portal.
7. Run the following: /opt/nessus/sbin/nessuscli fix --reset
8. Run the following: /opt/nessus/sbin/nessuscli fix --register activation key here
9. Finally start the Nessus Service
10. Login like normal with the same username and password as you had set previously.

You will find your entire installation will have been copied over and your license restored.

Fixing Disqus comments when using Cloudflare

Most people when they find Disqus does not work with Cloudflare due to rocket loader just turn it off. By default its on automatic. There is a solution though.

Image of Cloudflare Rocket loader

I have managed to get it working by using the handy parameter data-cfasync="false" This tells Rocket loader not to touch these scripts. This allows the rest of the site to get the rocket loader benefit without breaking Disqus. Here is an snipet of the Disqus code with the parameter added:

<div id="disqus_thread"></div> <script data-cfasync="false" type="text/javascript">
/* * * CONFIGURATION VARIABLES: EDIT BEFORE PASTING INTO YOUR WEBPAGE * * */ var disqus_config = function () {
this.page.url = '{{@blog.url}}{{url}}'; this.page.identifier = '{{post.id}}'; };

This method should work for any script that causes issues. Flush your cloudflare cache and problem solved!